There are different types of toilets on the market: floor-standing compact or monoblock with a cistern, installation with a hidden cistern, and a hinged or side-mounted bowl.
When choosing a toilet, in any case, you will have to consider the following. If you want to replace an old device without renovating the premises, you will most likely have to limit yourself to a model similar to the one before. But if you are going to equip a bathroom (toilet) from scratch or modernize your bathroom, you can safely adopt a model of any constructive type. Our task is to tell you about the features of each of them.
Floor standing toilets
The traditional, familiar toilet bowl with a pedestal fixed to the floor is presented in two versions: compact and monoblock. Manufacturers supply the compacts in two types. In the first case, the cistern is pre-connected to the bowl; the kit is supplied in the package, the fittings in the cistern are installed at the factory and adjusted for connection. In the second, the toilet bowl and cistern are sold each in their own packaging; they have to be combined at the place of operation. In a monoblock toilet, the tank and bowl are poured into one structure (often, monoblocks are larger and more expensive). In the domestic market, floor models are represented by factories Azzura, Catalano, Ceramice Dolomite, Lineatre, Hatria, Flaminia, Devon & Devon, Twyford, Duravit, Ideal Standard, Jorger, Keramag, Villeroy & Boch, Herbeau, Jacob Delafon, IDO, IFO, Gustavsberg, Svedbergs, Laufen, Roca,
The price of the issue
An important detail to consider when choosing a floor-standing model is the device for draining into the sewer in your bathroom. Vertical is typical for private and old apartment buildings. Oblique is common in houses built in the second half of the 20th century. Most modern apartments have a horizontal flow direction. The toilet must have an outlet that matches the direction. Note that models with horizontal outlet can be adapted to any system using adapters. In the mounted models, the exhaust system is only horizontal – into the wall.
Floor-standing toilet with open cistern
|The device is easy to install and maintain.||The main disadvantage of models with a pedestal is the hard-to-clean places behind the toilet, where the sewer pipe runs. |
And dirt and moisture accumulate around the pedestal.
|If necessary, it can be quickly replaced with a similar one.||Partially open eyeliner.|
|Variety of models in design, color, and style.||Noisy tank.|
|Large price range.||The tank may fog up.|
Attachable floor toilets
Floor mounted toilets with hidden cisterns are gaining popularity in modern interior solutions . Their design does not provide for the flush cistern, which is familiar to us, thanks to which the attached floor-standing appliance looks modern. In the case of an attached floor-standing monoblock, the cistern, as in the case of a wall-mounted toilet, is installed in the technical space. Cisterns for such toilets do not have a power frame. They are either mounted to the guide profiles, or walled up (if the wall is made of solid bricks). Built-in cisterns are compact (8–13 cm thick). Such models are produced by almost all firms specializing in the production of plumbing fixtures: Villeroy & Boch, Viega, Jacob Delafon, Laufen, VitrА, Catalano, Hatria, Grohe, Geberit, Tece, Sanit and many others.
|The lack of space behind the bowl makes cleaning easier.||The absence of a mounting frame requires building a niche for the cistern or installing it in a brick wall.|
|The modern alternative to the floor-standing toilet.|
Hanging toilet bowls
The trend to raise the toilet above the floor, shaped by hygiene requirements in public toilets, has become a leading trend in bathroom and toilet design over the past two decades . The essence of the wall (console) toilet is that only the bowl and the panel (key) of the drain remain visible, and everything else (the cistern, the set for connecting to the water supply and sewerage systems, the fastening system) is hidden behind the false wall and is located in the engineering module – the so-called installation system… The hidden cistern is made of durable plastic, placed in a casing (the latter protects against condensation). A special drain protects against overflow of water in case of a faulty float. Access to the internal device, if necessary, is through the key mounting panel, mounted on the wall. Among the mounted devices, there are much more compact models, which is important for small spaces. For such cases, models are available with a depth of 46.5 cm (length from the point of contact with the wall to the front point of the bowl), for more spacious bathrooms – a depth of 60-70 cm.
|The built-in installation system allows you to install the toilet bowl close to the wall, due to which the room visually, and in some cases, actually becomes more spacious.||Installation of false walls will require additional construction work.|
|The hinged appliance makes it easier to clean the bathroom, particularly the floor under the toilet and around it.||Installation of a wall-mounted toilet requires additional material costs compared to the cost of the device.|
|The layout of the floor tiles is not disturbed.||When installing a built-in tank, it is imperative to install coarse filters on the supply water pipes.|
|Concealed cisterns have high sound absorption properties. ||A wall-mounted appliance with an installation frame is often more expensive than a standard floor-standing toilet.|
|The frame-mounted toilet can carry up to 400 kg.|
|The connection process is carried out to the existing communications.|
|Available in a variety of designs, materials, and colors for the flush plates.|
|The possibility of using infrared flush plates increases the hygiene of the toilet.|
Solution for a typical toilet
Manufacturers produce mounting frame modules of two types.
- For installation on load-bearing walls: such a frame is attached to a fundamental wall made of solid bricks or strong concrete (in no case from foam concrete or gypsum plasterboard ).
- For installation on non-load-bearing partitions: if the wall or partition is made of lightweight material, we advise you to adopt a special mounting element that is attached to the floor at some distance from the wall, and special fasteners additionally fix the frame to the wall. As a result, the entire load falls on the lower legs, that is, on the floor. The support legs can be adjusted, which allows you to more accurately set the height of the toilet during installation.
Can the installation module be built into a solid wall?
SNiPs prohibit violating the integrity of the main walls, therefore, it is impossible to build an installation with a cistern for concealed installation into the main walls in a city apartment. Engineering communications are placed behind a false wall, located in front of the capital, or in a specially built niche.
The drain fittings are accessed through a tunnel behind the flush plate. But the drain fittings of the cisterns of the mounted toilet bowls are very reliable. It is also necessary to think in advance about the methods of access to the toilet bowl device and communications, so that in the event of an emergency you do not have to dismantle the wall. With proper installation, problems, as a rule, do not arise.