Even if you have a suburban area, it brings fresh greens only in spring and summer. To extend the harvest season, you can place a mini-garden in an apartment on a windowsill or a balcony. Let’s figure out which cucumber seeds are suitable for cultivation on the window, when the tomatoes in pots are ripe and what unusual can be grown in a home greenhouse. You will also find photos and names of your potential pets in our article.
Advantages and Disadvantages
Arranging a garden at home on the windowsill, you can get not only “vitamins on the window”:
- spicy greens are always at hand to the table – and you don’t need to think about how to keep them fresh;
- unhurried work on caring for a mini-vegetable garden calms distracts from the hustle and bustle;
- plants create a unique microclimate, purify the air, regular watering increases the humidity of dry air;
- you can keep the child busy and awaken his interest in biology.
But not everything is so radiant:
- you should be careful with fertilizing, and their excess can accumulate in the upper part of the plant;
- vitamins in indoor vegetables are much less than in those grown in the open air;
- Working with the soil is a lot of hassle with harvesting.
Let’s talk in more detail about what can be grown from vegetables on the windowsill and the balcony.
Radish proliferates; it does not need a long sunny day. The size of the vegetable is modest so that it will grow well in a pot or shallow box. The seeds are buried in the ground to a depth of 1–2 cm according to the 5×5 cm scheme.
During the day, a temperature of 18-20 ° C is provided. Radish grows in a more excellent room, but high temperatures accelerate the onset of flowering, and the root crop becomes tough. Water the plantings daily.
Choosing varieties that can be quickly grown indoors:
- French breakfast;
- Women’s whim;
- Early red.
The secret of this crop’s productivity lies in the warmth and abundance of light. Cucumbers germinate quickly at 14–15 °C when cultivated from seeds, but a temperature of 20–30 °C promotes optimal growth and fruiting. Sharp swings above and below this interval will cause a portion of the crop to be lost.
It is advisable to sow indoor cucumbers immediately into a permanent container. Their shallow roots are very vulnerable and do not tolerate transplanting well. The best varieties are hybrids marked F1, the feature of which is the ability to self-pollinate.
- We put drainage in the prepared container, then humus or ready-made soil for vegetables. One plant will need 5 litres of soil. As it grows from regular watering, the ground will be washed off from the roots to add the earth periodically.
- A hole 2-3 cm deep is spilt with water, 2-3 seeds are laid, covered with earth and covered with foil. After how many days, the cucumber seeds will sprout on the windowsill depends on the temperature. The container is not left in the open sun but also on a cold balcony in early spring.
- After germination, leave the strongest sprout and place the pot or box in a sunny place. Southwest windows are ideal, as they receive sunlight for most of the day.
- Watering is carried out daily, soaking only the topsoil. Use warm, settled water.
- For the growing cucumber, props are installed, or twine is pulled.
What varieties of cucumbers will grow in the garden on the windowsill:
- Home miracle;
- City gherkin;
Tomatoes can be grown first by seedlings in a mini-greenhouse or sown seeds immediately in a permanent place. Although it seems preferable to deal with a single planting, the seedling method is more successful in the case of tomatoes.
First, the culture tolerates neat movement without problems. And if you pinch the main root a couple of millimetres, the root system will begin to grow more actively.
Secondly, according to the time it takes for the seeds of your tomatoes to sprout on the windowsill, it will be seen how viable the planting material is. If the seeds have been stored for several years, many may not sprout at all.
- Prepare nutritious and loose soil. High-quality purchased, or its own calcined in the oven guarantees the absence of insects and sources of disease.
- Seeds are sown in plastic cups or a box in soil well moistened on the surface. The seeding depth is 1–1.5 cm.
- Before germination, the container is placed in a shaded cool place (up to 18 ° C). Plants that sprout in warmth will be weak. The planting is covered with a film or moistened as it dries.
- After 4-6 days, shoots appear, the film is removed, and the container is placed in a sunny place at room temperature.
- After another two weeks, after the appearance of two real leaves, you can start picking at a permanent place. The day before, the seedlings are not watered.
Tomatoes are light-loving crops. In winter, be sure to hang a photo lamp to extend daylight hours up to 12-14 hours. In shaded areas, plants stretch out, even when maintaining the temperature regime, and even dwarf tomato varieties.
To do without a window sill lamp, tomatoes are sown in February or March. Mature plants will have enough sun on the south and southwest side.
What varieties of tomatoes can be grown on the window:
- Tomato “Pinocchio” – a compact bush up to 50 cm high. It blooms two months after germination. Needs strengthening since the upper part of an adult plant with fruits is much heavier than a root ball with soil;
- Bonsai tomatoes grow in the standard form up to 30 cm, round-shaped fruits;
- Plum-shaped fruits are characteristic of the “Room surprise”; they do not grow higher than 50 cm;
- tomatoes “Balcony Miracle” up to 40 cm high, oval fruits, sweetish after ripening;
- “Ample Cherry”.
Tomato varieties that grow well at home are sold marked “determinate”, “balcony”.
Broccoli and cauliflower
All types of cabbage are demanding on the amount of moisture and light. Before the inflorescence grows, the plant gains green mass. A good leaf area will be required. Nearby plants may be in the shade.
Seeds are sown for seedlings in a vegetable substrate. A month later, in the phase of 2–4 true leaves, the strongest ones are transplanted into individual pots with a volume of 8–10 litres.
The need for water is met by pouring it into a tray or tray under the pot. Cabbage forms inflorescences better at 17–20 ° C and worse in heat.
Early varieties of broccoli:
- “Cabin boy”.
- “Budget Series”.
Getting the first crop of asparagus takes patience. The earliest varieties are ready for cutting in 1.5–2 years after sowing.
To accelerate germination, seeds can be soaked for 3-4 days on a damp cloth. The main thing is not to let them dry out. Then by the end of the term, they will swell and, after being embedded in the soil, release sprouts in a couple of days. Dry seeds sprout in 2 weeks.
The soil composition is usual for vegetables or a mixture of hummus with peat and sand 1: 1: 0.5. Caring for asparagus is simple: the temperature is not higher than 25 ° C, a sunny place and water every 2-3 days.
Mature plants can be propagated by dividing the rhizome or by cuttings.
- Mary Washington.
Pick up early varieties growing short root crops. For two parts of ordinary vegetable soil, add part of the calcined sand.
Seeds are sown in boxes or containers with a depth of at least 15 cm. They are covered with soil with a 0.5-1 cm layer on the top, watered and covered with foil until shoots appear. Young sprouts will need 10-12 light hours a day.
Varieties of the specific shortened form:
- “Parisian Cartel”;
Chili and bell peppers are imported from the southern American continent. During the Soviet era, the sweet vegetable was grown mainly in Bulgaria, hence its current name.
Both pepper varieties are perennials so that the crop can be harvested all year round for several years. They are planted with seeds; conditions are created with a temperature of at least 25 ° C, constant moderate humidity and lighting for 12 hours.
Peppers, in addition to purely practical use, can be planted as a decorative ornament. They grow in a compact bush, bloom beautifully and bear fruit. Remember to water and feed your plants with flour mixtures regularly.
Sorts of hot peppers for the garden on the windowsill:
- Habanero is the sharpest;
- pepper “Spark” is decorative;
- “Teenager” – 15–20 cm tall;
- “Lighter” – moderately sharp, 25-30 cm;
- “Fiery Volcano” is a yellow-orange-red garland of fruits of varying degrees of ripeness.
Sweet pepper varieties for the home garden:
- “Bright rays”;
- “Sweet Chocolate”.
Bitter peppers are not grown in the same room as sweet peppers. If the principle is not followed, inter-pollination will affect the taste of the fruits of both plants.
Zucchini can be sown in glasses or directly to a permanent place. An adult plant will require a 15–20 litre flowerpot. Be careful with watering! Wetting leaves, fruits and constant soil moisture will lead to bacterial diseases.
Early maturing bush varieties:
- Easy collection Green;
- Accessible collection of Gold.
Garlic is on the list of beneficial plants that protect us from infections in autumn and winter. In the kitchen, it is indispensable as a seasoning.
The formation of a head of garlic is a long process of several months, but a green feather can be plucked after a few weeks. It is unnecessary to arrange heavy trays with soil on the windowsill; you can use cultivation without land.
Any slices of the head, which are placed close to each other, are suitable for forcing. To grow a full-fledged leader, only the outer ones are taken and planted in the ground according to the 8×8 cm scheme. Winter varieties are less susceptible to rotting and give more greenery.
Peking cabbage is fast-growing greenery. It is planted in a loose nutrient mixture and kept at a temperature of 15–20 ° C. You can grow greens with seeds directly in a permanent place or use the lower part of the head of cabbage. In a vegetative way, you can get fresh leaves in a week.
Seeds of early ripening varieties yield a harvest in a month. Of the headed and leafy species, the latter is chosen. Head ripening is too long a process.
Melons occupy a large area. The bush variety “Amazonka”, “Kustovoy orange” is suitable for planting. There are also decorative species with small fruits, beautifully blooming and intertwining walls of the mini-garden.
You will need a volumetric tub of about 50 liters, a nutritious substrate from garden soil or soil for vegetables for growing roots. Seedlings can be pre-grown in small cups and transplanted into a tub at the age of one month.
Pumpkin loves warmth, light and moisture. She tolerates drought more quickly than the absence of the sun. For germination, 15 ° C is enough, but 20-30 ° C is optimal for growth.
Beets are planted not only for root crops but also for cutting leaves. Green cabbage soup is prepared from them. Seeds are sown in pots or boxes. Seedlings are thinned out, leaving 3-4 cm between the shoots. When watering 2-3 times a week and sufficient lighting, the roots are dug out after three months.
Eggplants are finicky about drafts, sun and heat. For constant growth and successful fruiting, they are 25-30 ° C on the southern windows. Seedlings grow for a long time. By the summer season, sowing begins in January-February. Superficial eggplant roots do not like picking; it is better to plant them in a permanent place immediately.
Mini eggplants for indoor greenhouse:
- “The Striped Family”;
- Patio Baby;
Early varieties will help to get a potato crop:
You can grow tubers from small potatoes and peel with eyes, and you just have to water more generously. A giant potato is cut at the rate of several eyes per part.
The land is needed loose, rich in humus. If possible, add wood ash. Before planting, a whole potato is kept in the sun for 2-3 days to germinate the eyes. From the sun’s rays, light-borne tubers turn green, but this only makes them harder.
One root will need at least 20 liters of soil. Canvas bags, wooden and plastic boxes, flowerpots, pots are used as containers. Be sure to add drainage.
Hilling during growth is replaced by the addition of earth to form shoots on the underside of the stem. We must not forget about the sufficient receipt of light by the plant. If you can create these conditions, then potatoes can be grown all year round.
It is pretty easy to grow greens if you create comfortable conditions for scented herbs. The hydroponic cultivation method is used on an industrial scale. If you wish, you can purchase a small hydroponic system for your home.
In summer and winter, from the greenery on the windowsill grow:
- dill varieties “Gavrish”, “Aurora” “Mischievous”, “Alligator”, “Gribovsky” give a dense green mass;
- cilantro (coriander) – the specific smell may not please the household, it is better to place the plantings on the balcony;
- spinach – “Fat-leaved”, “Matador”, “Victoria”, prefers coolness, at 20-25 ° С it starts to throw out the arrow;
- sorrel – grows in any soil, loves regular watering;
- purslane – a vegetable variety differs in tiny flowers, grows on poor soil, with a lack of moisture, the leaves become smaller;
- parsley is an unpretentious plant, and leafy provides spicy herbs, root herbs and root crops;
- marjoram can grow on the window all year round if not exposed to the sun in summer;
- watercress – early varieties such as “Ducat” grow back in 2-3 weeks;
- chard is a biennial plant that produces fragrant leaves in the first year;
- arugula (indau) – varieties “Azart”, “Fast-growing” are drought-resistant, ready for consumption 2 months after sowing.
Growing up and caring is not difficult, even for a child. The substrate for the greenery must be nutritious to ensure rapid growth. Topdressing of greens is carried out after cutting, strictly following the instructions.
Sowing with dill seeds can be carried out into the ground from the garden, and for watercress, it is better to buy clean soil to avoid being hit by a flea.
In November, they dig out the root and plant it in a deep pot to sow parsley. With the onset of winter it slows down growth, but the leaf mass begins to increase in February.
How often to water the greens on the windowsill? It depends on the planting density, air temperature. The top layer of the soil should not be constantly wet, but it is also not allowed to dry out.
What greens can be grown without backlighting in winter:
- dill and parsley, but dill without lighting can stretch out and be lighter than its usual colour;
- vegetable purslane;
- early varieties of arugula.
Why does the greenery grow like a string on the windowsill? Although there is much more light by the window than in the room, it is still not enough. For a portion of the day, the sun only shines on one side of the house. In autumn and winter, when the day is already short, cloudy days are not uncommon. There is only one way out – artificial lighting.
Lettuce or Sowing lettuce
The amount of light and moisture is essential for producing tasty greens. At 15–20 ° C, lettuce does not show arrows. The supply of food in the soil is enough for the growth of the leaf form. Cabbage is fed 1-2 times strictly according to the instructions. A potted salad grows better than a thickened garden bed.
Which salad is successfully cultivated at home:
- half-cabbage “Odessa kucheryavets”;
- lettuce «Lollo rossa», «Lollo bionda», «Tango», «Zador», «Dubrava»;
- heads “Iceberg”, “Frills”.
For forcing green feathers, choose any variety:
- the baton grows as an annual and perennial plant;
- chives give succulent leaves, very productive;
- onion sets or adult bulbs take root in soil and water;
- leek is characterized by unpretentiousness and flat leaves;
- The shallots produce thin arrows, can serve as a sealant when planted with any plants; flowers are also edible.
Onion seeds germinate well with abundant moisture. For growth, 20 ° C will be enough. Lack of sun affects the colour of the leaves, and they become pale.
The plant requires good lighting and moderate temperatures. Root celery has too long a developmental period. If you take a ready-made root in a store or from your garden plot, you can get greens in 1-2 weeks. An adult plant is less troublesome to grow than seedlings.
Stalked celery also produces good growth. A stump of 5–6 cm is cut from the bottom and immersed in the ground for a couple of centimeters. Maintain a constant, moderate humidity. When foliage creeps in, water it less often, once every 2-3 days.
Forcing green mass from seeds is optimal for a healthy diet. This method is considered environmentally friendly, and no fertilizers are needed for greenery. All vitamins and microelements, which the plant has stored for growth in seeds, are transferred to the edible part.
Stocking up on thick dirt isn’t required. Greens grown in a hydrogel on a windowsill extend similarly to those grown in soil. The mass is ready for cutting in 10-14 days. You can sow the same dill, arugula or peas on greens, or you can get a whole range of vitamins and minerals using a seed mix.
Early mustard varieties grow in 25–30 days. “Large-leaved”, “Volnushka”, “Ladushka” acquire a delicate taste in good lighting and a comfortable temperature of 15-20 ° С. From the heat, the plants throw out the arrow, and the leaves become coarse.
Berries and fruits
It’s excellent when indoor plants not only decorate the apartment but also delight you with bright, tasty fruits.
Strawberries and strawberries
Plants have similar requirements for keeping conditions. They need sun for 12 hours or additional lighting. Otherwise, fruition is called into question. The sockets are watered every three days and fed every 2-3 weeks before the first berries appear and after the harvest.
Strawberries and strawberries germinate from seeds for a long time:
- for seedlings, take boxes, glasses with a depth of 8 cm;
- fill up the drainage layer, soil and moisturize well;
- the seed is tiny, so it is not buried in the ground;
- regularly check if the soil is dry;
- until the first leaves appear, the box is kept under the film in a bright place, but not in direct sunlight.
Young shoots are transplanted after the release of three leaves in containers with a depth of 16 cm. The growth point should remain above ground level.
If painstaking work is annoying, you can just buy ready-made bushes. Strawberry and strawberry varieties are chosen by remontants, which will decorate the kitchen or balcony with flowers and berries all season.
Which strawberries can be grown on the kitchen window:
- “Sweet tooth”;
- “Baron Solemacher”.
A small shrub loves acidic soil, without which it will not bear fruit, bright, but not hot sun and calm. Blueberries are native to northern swamps, so they like to wet the entire clod of the earth. They have a shower two times a week in July-August and once a week the rest of the time.
The pot is selected five times the volume of the roots. From above, the soil is mulched with foliage, sawdust, pine needles. Winter frost is not terrible for the shrubs, and the berry will survive the winter on the balcony.
The plant will need a pot half a meter high and 30–40 cm in diameter. The nutrient mixture of humus, peat and sand and sun for 6–8 hours a day.
Water the seedling several times a week, not allowing anyone to dry out the earth completely. The berry is fed in spring and autumn with complex fertilizer according to the instructions. In the fall, the shrub is pruned, leaving four shoots.
Growing a culture will not be challenging, but a watermelon does not ripen well at home. The culture is heat-resistant. That is, it will grow at 40 ° C, but much worse at 20 ° C and 15 ° C. 10 ° C is detrimental to the plant.
The scourges branch firmly, so you can place the watermelon on the loggia or balcony. Form into two stems, which are fixed on the wall. The rest of the processes are removed. For long roots, a tub or box of 100 liters is needed. The container is placed on a tray to collect water.
The seedlings are grown in glasses or peat pots and then transplanted to a permanent place.
Of the greenhouse varieties, they have proven themselves well:
- Sibiryak 97;
- “Honey Scooper”.
The bushes of the lowest-growing blueberry reach a height of one meter. To get berries, you will need to plant 2-3 bushes. Pollination in the plant is cross. Prepare pots with a volume of 20 liters. Take a particular soil for heather or acidify the garden. Water the ground several times a week and heat every day until water appear in the pan.
Lemon is the favorite of many housewives. The tree spreads around itself an aura of clean air filled with phytocides and a light lemon scent. For a lemon to bear fruit, you need to place it on a lighted windowsill that is easy to shade from direct sunlight. The plant does not like moving.
Watered in winter two times a week, the rest of the time every day, but in moderation. The humidity around the plant is kept high, especially during the heating season. In addition to using the land for citrus fruits with a complex composition, lemon is fed with fertilizers in spring and summer. Rejuvenating pruning is done regularly.
Caring for tangerine is not much different from caring for a lemon. It is recommended to transplant the seedling annually up to 5 years of age, changing the soil and pot to a larger diameter.
Is it possible to grow at home such exotics as pomegranate, date? It turns out that if you plant it right and try a little, then it is quite possible.
The tip propagates the pineapple. The crest is turned out of the fruit along with part of the stem. A few leaves are removed from the bottom to expose the branch by 5–6 cm and leave to dry. The room should not be too dry. After 3-4 days, after examining the workpiece and making sure that it has not started to rot, it is placed in the water with its bare part.
The roots appear almost a month later, and the pet is placed in a small flower pot with soil. A couple more months, and the pineapple will take root in a new place thoroughly.
Dwarf varieties “Baby” (up to 50 cm), “Carthage” (up to 80 cm) are cultivated at home. The fruits grow up to 4 cm in diameter.
The plant grows from seeds to the fruiting age in 5–6 years. If you plant a source of a store-bought pomegranate, a considerable tree will grow. When buying cuttings or seedlings, pay attention to the size of the leaves. In dwarf species, they are 2 cm long, in tall ones – 4 cm.
The land for the seedling is the same as for the flowers. The place is chosen sunny with the possibility of ventilation. Watering infrequently after the top layer of the soil has dried.
In winter, young trees can also bloom if they receive light for 12 hours.
A peach can grow from a seed and bear fruit, but this requires pollination. In summer, the tree is placed in a sunny place. In winter, the peach sheds its leaves and needs a cool room with a favorable temperature.
There is no need to dream of sweet fruits. An adult tree of a size that does not fit into an apartment can bloom. Pollination requires male and female trees.
The plant grows slowly from the seed. The characteristic leaves are formed by the age of two. The finished seedling will take time to adapt to the conditions of the apartment. Young dates are transplanted every year. From 5 years old, once every 2-3 years.
Persimmons can be planted with a bone, but it is not known whether they will bear fruit. The seedling is provided with diffused light 12 hours a day, protection from drafts. Water in moderation, avoiding stagnant moisture.
The food is limited. First, with ashes a month after germination, then once a month before the onset of hibernation in November. The tree is transplanted into a pot in the spring, 1–2 cm wider than the previous one.
For the plant to bloom, it is provided with a cool winter. Feijoa prefers frequent watering in summer and humid air.
Kiwi can be sown with seeds. To do this, choose ripe, healthy fruit, remove the seeds and germinate on gauze or cotton wool. After the sprouts appear, they are carefully sewn into loose soil.
Kiwi belongs to the light-loving species, it is placed near the south window, but the light should be diffused at bright noon. By the age of 4, the tree can bloom. Water the containers abundantly, after which the water is drained from the pan. Fungal disease can develop in dampness.
Grapes are no longer such an exotic plant. Many varieties grow in the middle lane in the open field.
Liana is very decorative but occupies a significant area. By trimming, you can create a compact shape. Ornamental varieties with original colours of pinnately dissected leaves will decorate the balcony from spring to autumn.
More often, grapes are propagated by cuttings. Seeds are more troublesome; the wild grow out of them but is less capricious in care.
Drainage and a light substrate of earth and sand (1: 1) are placed in a container diameter of 40–45 cm. Fruits develop at a depth of about 10 cm, so the pot should be 25-30 cm high. The seeds are kept for 8-10 hours on a damp cloth and placed in uniformly moist soil.
Plants are provided with direct light without shade for 12-14 hours a day, warm 20-25 ° С. Before fruiting, watered two times a week. At the beginning of the fruit set, the diversity is reduced to one time.
Spicy herbs, spices
Many of the spices and herbs of Provence are known for their healing properties. By growing kitchen herbs on the window, you can make breast preparations, soothing or stimulating the appetite.
Peppermint is popular in the home garden. You can plant it with seeds or take a scion in the park, and it will take root ideally on the windowsill.
You can sow basil any season. The fragrant herb proliferates in summer and winter when lighting is added.
Window sill varieties:
- “Green fragrant”;
- “Vegetable minx”;
Melissa, with its lemon scent, is one of the main herbs for tea.
The well-known cure for insomnia has a slightly aromatic aftertaste. Thyme is included in the tea collection for colds. Lovers of organic food appreciate the peculiar aroma. Any varieties grow at home.
Rosemary will need fertile soil, but otherwise, it is unpretentious. The varieties “Richard” and “Tenderness” germinate quickly.
Lavender at home in a pot will delight you with aroma and graceful inflorescences but requires good lighting 10-12 hours a day. The southern flower is accustomed to warmth and will not tolerate drying out of the soil.
Ginger root sprouts quickly when rooted in a pot. It grows well at 20–25 ° C, but in cold temperatures below 15 ° C, it goes into a state of dormancy.
Fennel forms a thickened basal rosette from which dill-like leaves grow. For planting, big pots are used, given the size of the head of cabbage 7-9 cm. The greens are removed at 70-80 days, so it is difficult to call it early maturing.
Hyssop is not only curative but also decorative. Growing it will take patience. The perennial is first sown on seedlings in early spring. The following year, the seedlings are assigned to a permanent place. Cuttings for winter distillation can be taken from 2–3-year-old plants. The colour can be cut several times per season.
Gardeners prefer to grow stevia with root shoots. Planting with seeds gives a low germination rate. Root the grass under a film or transparent plastic container. The light should be diffused. Stevia needs warmth and adequate moisture. In addition to watering, the leaves are rinsed with a sprayer every day.
The bay bush can be a spice and medicinal plant. It spreads a peculiar aroma, and at the same time, cleans the surrounding air no worse than an antiseptic.
A well-known cough remedy used by grandmothers of grandchildren. Oregano or oregano has earned the title of princess of tea for its aroma. Like any medicinal herb, it should not be abused. Oregano grows on a sunny windowsill, not picky about the composition of the soil and watering.
Legumes can be grown with children in a vegetable garden on the kitchen windowsill. To do this, take undersized bush varieties. Peas, beans in a pot will not take up much space. Cultures increase, so it is convenient to observe them. For beginner gardeners, legumes are best suited.
Easy to grow on a window:
- Vegetable beans.
Mushroom mycelium does not like direct sunlight. It will be more comfortable to land on the north and north-east balconies or a closed veranda in a private house.
For placement, fit boxes, banks, packages, woodcuts. The planting material is sold together with a nutrient mixture or in the form of mycelium. For the latter, a soil mixture is prepared from sawdust of any trees, except for conifers, plant residues, coffee extracts. The substrate is disinfected in boiling water.
The development of mycelium occurs in the dark at 25 ° C and constant moistening with a spray. White threads should appear after two weeks. This will signal to lower the temperature to 14-15 ° C. Blackout can be partially removed, but direct sunlight is excluded.
What grows on the mushroom windowsill:
- oyster mushrooms;
- honey mushrooms;
What in what season
In the shortest days without backlighting, only microgreens grow in winter. If you provide a different portion of light, cucumbers, small-fruited tomatoes will ripen, onions and garlic will give feathers, and spicy and green herbs will delight you with the aroma.
The summer sun is generous with the light and warmth that plants need. Any fruits and vegetables, green herbs, berries can be grown without backlighting.
During the whole year
You can grow microgreens, dill, onions, parsley and other greens from food all year round. Pre-stocked with seeds, preferably early ripening varieties.
The varieties of cucumbers that can be grown all year round are chosen from self-pollinated types. It makes sense to plant low-growing tomatoes with reduced formation of stepchildren.
Repairing strawberries grow and bear fruit, but for this in winter, you will need lighting and solid portions of potash fertilizers.
What can be grown from
Green pets are grown generatively from seeds, seeds and vegetatively – from rhizomes, cuttings, shoots, stepchildren, part of the stem.
The smaller the seeds, the more troublesome it is to take care of the seedlings. It’s worth noting that while sowing dill with germs from your garden is permitted, attempting to obtain seeds from the F hybrid cucumber is futile. The result will be strikingly different from the source.
From the bone
The seedling appears after stratification or prolonged soaking. Pitted trees may not bear fruit. It all depends on the biology of the plant.
From the aerial part and rhizome
This type of reproduction is the fastest because there is a supply of nutrients to form roots or roots for food. The main thing is not to rot the planting material until the plant is constructed.
What to grow
Tomatoes will need a volume of 5-7 litres or more. Peppers will need 3 litres per root.
Large plants are planted in pots – peppers, tomatoes, cucumbers, eggplants.
It is convenient to grow seedlings in a plastic container for further transfer in individual containers. You can grow mini greens for cutting, onions for a feather.
The boxes are helpful for group planting of microgreens, carrots, dill.
Glass bottles look interesting as containers, but there is no access to air in them. You can build a vegetable garden out of plastic bottles. In five-litre containers, the tops or the side are cut off, leaving the neck – the shape depends on the size of the root system. In some plants, it is superficial, like in cucumbers. In others, it goes deep, like in tomatoes, root crops.
For plants with a large root mass, a tub will be the best option, for example, for tomatoes, potatoes.
All types of containers must have drainage holes. A layer of broken stone, brick or vermiculite, expanded clay is laid on the bottom. Without drainage, oxygen will cease to flow to the roots, and putrefactive processes will begin.
The temperature in the apartment, both in winter and summer, is favourable for growth, but the lighting is one-sided. The plant only gets enough sun for a few hours. Even on the south side, such conditions will be uncomfortable, especially for tomatoes, eggplants, and peppers.
In the morning hours on the western windows and the north for a full day, it is necessary to organize illumination. Phyto lamps and LED light sources are economical to use but not cheap to buy and mainly for green crops.
Making a mini-vegetable garden
A beautiful mini-vegetable garden brings delicious fruits and aesthetic pleasure, and original projects that have been brought to life with your own hands can be proudly shown to guests and relatives.
Containers for garden plants on the windowsill should not get out of the general decor of the room. The containers are stylized, painted or pasted over. Shelves are built for them, and pots are hung in pots. At the same time, various forms of the corresponding volume are used for each culture.
The functional area of the window sill is expanded with shelves and the height of the window, adding a small distance for phytolamps. If a table is placed against the window, containers are placed on it to make light available to all plants.
Used plastic containers are not very attractive. They give it a neat look with the precise cutting, non-standard arrangement – the bottles are put on the side, hung down with the neck. An abandoned cork, a bottle is brightly coloured, or pots are entrusted to children with their irrepressible imagination.
A spacious window sill can be stylized as a garden fence, a scarecrow, or you can take vintage things instead of traditional boxes and pots. For example, grow roots in a suitcase and greens in old galoshes.
Balcony, loggia for creative ideas provide more opportunities. You can install a greenhouse aquarium or an automatic hydroponics system.
Which is easy and quick to grow with a child
The kid will like to tinker with planting simple green crops – dill, parsley, onions. Cultures are not too capricious and sprout quickly. An onion per bunch can be grown from store-bought onions. It germinates in a matter of days and gives greens, depending on the size of the bulb, up to a month.
Kindergarten teachers with children are engaged in planting plants growing in the region for environmental development. In the younger group, the children’s garden is sown with large seeds. It can be onion sets, peas, radishes, beans, zucchini.
The planting material in the kindergarten’s middle group is varied with types, the colour of the fruits of already recognizable cultures. Older children are introduced to growing through seedlings.
Cool life hacks
Creative ideas for organizing a garden in an apartment:
- An additional mirror is placed in the room, or reflective films are pasted on not to miss a single sunbeam.
- In winter, you can compensate for the lack of humidity by spreading a damp towel on the battery. At the same time, the temperature will drop. Heat will be spent on moisture evaporation.
- If it is not possible to adjust the heating, a battery that is too hot is covered with a piece of foam. The material is also used for the opposite purpose – it is isolated from a cold window.
- The desired sunlight may be too bright. To weaken the power of the rays, blinds or gauze curtains are hung.
Plant breeders believe that the conditions of the apartment in terms of comfort for plants can be attributed to the cave. Despite this, homemakers manage to grow, in addition to ordinary herbs, such light-loving crops as tomatoes and eggplants. Balcony cucumbers on the windowsill have become commonplace. It remains to wish those who have undertaken this task – good luck in an exciting business, which may become (or has already become) your hobby.