Decorating a balcony or loggia with flowers is an excellent idea for those who do not have their piece of land. On a spacious loggia, you can create a real landscape masterpiece, but there is always a place for one or two pots of flowers on a small balcony.
It doesn’t matter if there is no window sill on the balcony: flowers can be placed in hanging containers or floor vases. Some crops require minimal land.
Shade-loving And For The North Side
A loggia or balcony is located in the shadow of other buildings or on the north side. This does not mean that beautiful flowers cannot be planted there. Balsam, fuchsia, begonia, ivy, Mimulus, cyclamen, and others (lobelia, pansies, astilbe, dicentra) feel at ease in the shade. On the north side, you can grow nasturtium. There are plenty to choose from!
The flower can grow on the sunny side, and in the shade, it will bloom until the onset of cold weather. But for the shadow side, it is advisable to choose dim light pink or white flowers. For the winter, balsam must be brought into the house. Cuttings propagate the plant; cut a section of the stem and plant it in the ground. The cutting will quickly take root without prior exposure to water.
- unpretentious to the soil ;
- proliferates, easily tolerates pruning and transplanting;
- ideal for growing inboxes.
- the root system proliferates, so periodically it is necessary to transplant into a larger pot;
- needs frequent, abundant watering.
Once every two weeks, it is advisable to fertilize balsam with a liquid fertilizer for flowering plants.
If the crown has lost its splendor, you can drastically cut the flower, and it will bud again.
A highly decorative flower is suitable for hanging pots. Ideal for small and shaded balconies. Blooms from spring to autumn.
Advantages of fuchsia:
- original shape and color of inflorescences ;
- unbearable, but if your place is completely dark, then you should think about buying a fluorescent lamp ;
- tolerates acidified soil typically (this is rare for flowers).
- Water regularly as it dries, but do not flood the flower, or it will shed all the buds.
- Don’t move the fuchsia pot – she doesn’t like that.
- The plant’s roots are sensitive to overheating, so they cannot be kept in the sun.
- Fuchsia needs to be fed (for example, with the “Bud” preparation).
Roots sensitive to overheating are the main drawbacks of fuchsia. The optimum temperature for her is 16-22 ° С.
Since the plant has delicate roots, the ground bait must be combined with watering.
An unpretentious flower that is easy to grow from seeds. There are undersized varieties and imperious (reach 1.5-3 m in length). Climbing nasturtium can not only fall but also rise upward, forming a beautiful living carpet on the wall.
Thanks to the variety of varieties and colors of nasturtium, one can create a lush flower garden on the balcony. Combines with calendula, zinnia, sage, marigolds, cherry tomatoes.
Nasturtium, or capuchin, does not tolerate the sun’s scorching rays, although it loves light. Therefore, it is often planted on the north and northwest sides.
Blooms continuously until frost, subject to regular watering and feeding.
Typically, capuchin has grown annually, but it can live for several years in an insulated extension.
There are about 80 species, the most popular of which are oversized or May nasturtium. There are dwarf varieties and long “vines.”
- the shallow root system, therefore ideal for growing in small pots ;
- it blooms on the balcony earlier than in the open field;
- it blooms luxuriantly and varied, has a light, pleasant aroma;
- is actively used in folk medicine and even cooking.
Let us dwell on this point in more detail. Leaves and flowers of nasturtium are put in salads (they are rich in vitamin C and improve digestion). The green seeds are pickled, making a delicacy like capers. Infusion of dried flowers of nasturtium is used to strengthen the heart, used for bronchitis.
Note! Nasturtium seedlings are very fragile, so transfer them to a permanent pot with a lump of the earth during transplanting. Do not use nitrogenous fertilizers – they increase the vegetative part and make flowers smaller.
Begonias are bulbous plants artificially bred from several wild ancestors native to South America. They delight their owners with a variety of colors of flowers and decorative leaves. It is no coincidence that begonia is called “the queen of terraces and balconies.”
Like nasturtium, it grows well on the north side, in the shade and partial shade. It can be produced on the north, east, and west sides.
It blooms from July to the first cold weather in October. With good care and on the glazed balcony, it can bloom from the end of May.
There are miniature species up to 25 cm and tall with thick stems and large flowers reaching 60 cm and hanging varieties.
- Fertile, acidic soil.
- Good drainage and regular loosening.
- Intensive watering (in the summer in the mornings and evenings).
- Heat (tubers are susceptible to low temperatures).
- Fertilization with unique formulations for begonias.
Protect the flower from aphids, snails, powdery mildew, and other pests.
A flower that will delight the eye with bright yellow and red flowers even in the absence of the sun. Flowering occurs in June-July (sometimes even from the end of May). In August, only green twigs remain.
Mimulus is also called lipstick because of the whimsical type of inflorescences. The lipstick spreads along the ground, but some species are erect and extend up to 70 cm.
Growing conditions and care
- Loose sandy soil with a neutral pH level.
- Partial shade (in the open sun, the leaves will burn and dry out).
- For intensive branching, remove wilted shoots and pinch.
- Fertilizing with mineral fertilizers twice a month.
- Abundant watering in summer (but do not flood so as not to attract slugs and snails, which are not opposed to feasting on a lipstick).
We tolerate slight frosts.
To avoid waterlogging, the soil in the pot can be mulched with sawdust.
After the flowering period in August (or earlier), cut off any wilted shoots. By autumn, the Mimulus will bloom again.
Plants reproduce well by self-sowing, as well as by cuttings.
Unpretentious And For The South Side
The bright summer sun is “to the taste” of such plants as geranium, petunia, purslane (does not need frequent watering), marigolds, calendula, snapdragon, pelargonium. Let’s consider some of them in more detail.
Geranium, or pelargonium, tolerates direct radiation well. It does not get burned – on the contrary, and it only enhances flowering.
Care rules and benefits of geranium
- Blooms all summer.
- Loves direct sunlight and high air temperatures (the south side is ideal for growing).
- Quite unpretentious, but the soil needs to be watered and loosened regularly since pelargonium quickly absorbs moisture and needs oxygen.
- Loves feeding.
Pelargonium is a thermophilic plant, so do not rush to take it out to the balcony in the spring and put it away in the heat in autumn at the slightest sign of a cold snap (when the temperature drops below + 10 ° C).
Geranium is one of those flowers that grow on the windowsill in the apartment in winter and decorate the loggia/balcony in the summer. She is very fond of fresh air but is afraid of drafts. If you plan to take the flower out into the garden, the flower can be drastically cut around the end of December. Soon new shoots will appear on it, and the plant will be more viable.
To stimulate vivid flowering in the future, starting from February, feed pelargonium with a liquid solution of a mineral fertilizer based on nitrogen, iron, and potassium twice a week. Do not stop feeding the flower during the entire growth and flowering period.
For geraniums, it is essential to choose a suitable pot. A flower with a height of 15-20 cm is ideal for a pool with a diameter of 20 cm.
Petunia “loves” southern balconies because it needs intense lighting. Easily tolerates direct midday rays. In general, this is a very unpretentious decorative flower. Not afraid of temperature extremes, disease resistant.
Petunias appear in a variety of colors, ranging from pale pink to nearly black. There are imperious varieties, and there are for flowerpots (they will grow in breadth).
- Petunia blooms until frost. Like fuchsia, it tolerates acidic soil typically.
- Petunia “gets along” in the same flowerpot with geraniums, thyme, bacopa, lobelia.
- The only difficulty in care is that you need to fertilize for lush flowering and control watering (do not overfill). Slightly dry soil is better than wet soil.
- As a fertilizer, you can use one of these preparations: “Fertika,” “Aquarium,” “Ideal.”
- Dense flowering is stimulated by cutting, removing wilted flowers.
- There is one nuance in the cultivation of petunia – a long growing season. To get a flowering bush in early summer, you need to sow the seeds no later than the New Year (or buy seedlings).
One of the most natural potted plants, suitable for growing even the most inexperienced gardener.
Calendula feels excellent both on the sunny south side and in partial shade.
Ordinary garden soil is ideal as soil.
- It tolerates poor soil well, but the top dressing is desirable once every 14 days (humus can be used);
- abundant watering;
- preferably intense lighting (at least diffused light is needed; otherwise, the shoots will be strongly stretched and bloom poorly);
- Frequent loosening to provide oxygen to the flower.
Disadvantages: The calendula loses its decorative effect after flowering, so it should not be grown in a standard pot with other flowers.
Calendula or marigolds are used in folk medicine and even in cooking.
The flower reaches 40-60 cm in height. Common terry varieties are most suitable for balconies and loggias.
In terms of color, marigolds are combined with bright blue and pink flowers.
Do not plant calendula too thick (this rule applies to any plant).
If you want to have a blooming balcony without much effort, plant marigolds there. Already in 1.5-2 months, they will delight you with their beauty.
There are many varieties of marigolds. African erect ones reach 1 m in height (miniature varieties are chosen for the balcony, for example, Antigua, 30 cm). French undersized (Bolero, Orange, Flame) and Mexican thin-leaved (Gnome, Golden Jam, Lulu, Ursula) are also suitable.
Marigolds equally easily tolerate bright sunlight and its absence (they will bloom in cloudy weather, it’s just not so clear).
They practically do not need care, except for watering. They can grow in any container. Bloom all summer. Not susceptible to disease.
Novice gardeners are advised to choose rejected marigolds. They can be sown as soon as the threat of frost has passed. Choose a deep, narrow pot due to the peculiarities of the marigold roots (at least 20-30 cm deep).
So, the optimal conditions for growing marigolds:
- intense lighting (ideally south side);
- the correct container, the choice of which depends on the variety;
- nutrient soil (leaf soil, sand, peat, turf in a ratio of 2: 1: 2: 2);
- good drainage.
Plant marigolds 15-20 cm apart.
The mouth of a lion, a dog, and a biting dragon are the names of one flower, of which there are more than 1000 varieties.
A little snapdragon is one of the most natural balcony plants. It can even be grown in a cut-off plastic bottle if you make drainage holes in it. But it is better, of course, to use flower pots or boxes. Inflorescences are highly decorative and have a variety of shades.
Flowers are not afraid of direct sunlight, but the roots are sensitive to excess water. Therefore, watering is needed to moderate as it dries. Also, be sure to loosen the soil (this can be done with a regular fork). It is advisable to feed the flower a little. Combine top dressing with watering.
The flower loves spraying.
If you follow the simple rules of care, snapdragons will delight the eye with their fancy flowers from July to frost.
- You can make the soil yourself (land from the site, peat, humus), or buy a soil mixture and add sod at the rate of 1 to 1.
- Do not flood with water. Spray. If poured and rot appears, use “Hom.”
- Fertilize (only 3-4 times per season with nitro phosphate).
- It is advisable to keep mosquito nets inside the balcony if mosquito nets (snapdragons are not very friendly with insects).
Snapdragon is harmoniously combined with marigolds, forget-me-nots, phlox.
Lianas are good because they can be used to create a green oasis on the balcony easily. They grow rapidly and densely, creating the illusion of a pavilion. On open outbuildings, climbing plants perform several functions at once:
- natural shading;
- a slight decrease in temperature in the heat;
- protection against dust and exhaust gases;
- hiding what is happening in the apartment and on the balcony from prying eyes;
- beautiful decoration of the patio from the inside and outside;
- masking of architectural defects.
Climbing plants usually do not need a lot of lands (except for hops, clematis, and a few others). There are annuals and perennials, blooming and ornamental deciduous plants among them. The latter is less whimsical; blooming needs more care.
When growing climbing plants, it is essential to provide them with good support. For annuals, it is enough to buy an inexpensive net, which is hung on the wall above the pot. It’s a shame to toss it away because you won’t have to deal with dried shoots unraveling at the end of the season.
A beautiful curly herbaceous annual with delicate, vibrant flowers. Scourges of some varieties reach 3 m. They quickly braid the support, creating a fragrant green mantle. Blooms all summer until the first frost.
Another name for sweet peas is the fragrant rank. It is a very aromatic plant with over a hundred varieties.
The fragrant rank is not particularly demanding of care, but there are still some nuances.
Planting and care rules
- Sweet pea sprouts are planted at intervals of at least 25 cm.
- Young peas grow best in diffused lighting conditions.
- An annual cannot be poured (watering – 1-2 times every seven days).
- To stimulate flowering, pick off wilted blossoms immediately. Then fruit will not be formed in their place.
- It is advisable to spray the plant and periodically loosen the ground.
Curly varieties up to 2.5-3 m in height are most suitable for creative vertical gardening. In the process of growth, they release many antennae, with which they cling to supports. The most popular varieties in this category:
- Winter Elegance
Low-growing varieties reach a height of 20 to 45 cm. Blooming rugs can be created from them. Three leaders:
Sweet peas can be combined with other climbing plants such as petunias or hops.
Peas are characterized by a broad color palette: from white and cream tones to purple and brown.
If you like the decorative properties of sweet peas, keep in mind that perennial varieties have also appeared on the market recently.
Ivy is resistant to wind loads but loves shade (the south side is not suitable ). But it takes root well on the north side. Famous for its unpretentiousness and endurance. It can even survive the winter on an insulated balcony (it dries up and will sprout in spring).
- Ivy can be used as a background for flowering plants.
- It needs pruning and shaping; otherwise, it will run wild.
- Undemanding to the composition of the soil, but soil rich in humus and lime is preferable. Loves spraying with plain water. Watering is moderate.
- In summer and autumn, it is advisable to feed ivy with liquid mixtures every two weeks.
- Shoots, cuttings propagate it.
- Ivy looks spectacular in rough wooden tubs.
For a balcony overlooking the track, an ordinary hop is a suitable option for vertical gardening. This creeping plant is unpretentious, reaching 5-7 m in length, effectively decorating the walls and parapet bars. Hops are perennials (lives up to 15-20 years).
Growing and grooming tips
- Plant hops in a large pot – it has large roots;
- after the sprout appears, put support so that it can curl;
- watering – every other day;
- Annual pruning.
Hops on the balcony serve more than just a decorative function. The yellowed buds are cut in the fall for use in hair washing and other purposes. But this can only be done if the hop grows from the courtyard side, where there is less dust and car exhaust.
Clematis (clematis) is one of the most beautiful flowering plants for a balcony. Perennial. Colors range from white, salmon, pink to purple and violet.
The plant is capricious: thermophilic does not tolerate frost. It needs a large volume of soil and, accordingly, pots (at least 50 cm in height and the same width, if you take a square tub).
Growing and care rules
- Well-drained and fertilized soil;
- abundant watering (the ground should be wet, but not flooded);
- large equilateral pot, preferably wooden;
- cozy place;
- A lot of light (preferably south or east side).
- Choose only the recommended fertilizers for the plant (which ones – ask the flower shop).
- If you use soil from the garden, add peat, sand, dolomite flour to it.
- So that the soil in the pot does not overheat and does not dry out, a plant with a low soil cover can be planted with clematis.
- In the first year of growth, clematis needs to be pinched so that it gives side shoots. After three years, the plant needs to be updated (replaced by one grown in the ground). If this is not done, the flowers will gradually thin out and grind.
Compact varieties up to 2 m long are ideal for balconies:
- Rouge Cardinal, Ruytel, Madame Edouard André (red);
- Value Daam, Joan of Arc (white flowers);
- Elegy, Negus, Texa, Lazurshtern (blue, purple);
- Hegley Hybrid, Comtes de Bouchot (pink).
For the balcony, choose the “girlish grapes” variety. This is a long liana with variegated leaves (in summer, they are green, by autumn, they turn red). Shade-loving.
Girlish grapes are suitable for those who do not have the time or desire to care for the plants carefully.
- “Prefers” soil rich in humus, well-drained. But poor soil will do.
- You can replant the plant throughout the year, but the best time for this is spring. Moreover, young cuttings are first planted in plastic containers to gain strength and then, together with a lump of earth, are transferred to a pot.
- The maiden grapes bloom, but it is hardly noticeable. But then spectacular blue or black fruits (inedible) are formed.
- This isn’t an exhaustive list of plants that can be used on a balcony or loggia. They can be used to grow nemesia, Irish bell, Tradescantia (the latter is often planted in the kitchen, and in the summer, it is taken out into the fresh air), primroses, nemophila, winged tobacco, cosmea, torenia, hydrangea, fern, myrtle and some conifers (araucaria).
- Some flowers can be planted even in June (for example, nemesia, which blooms in late August).
Rules For Caring For Plants On The Balcony
- Water and spray flowers only in the morning and evening. The same applies to fertilization. Otherwise, the plant can get sunburn.
- After drying, it is advisable to loosen the earth.
- If you have manganese, minimal amounts can be added to the spray water (for disease prevention).
- Mosquito nets do not save from aphids, but you can sprinkle the soil with cinnamon and tobacco if it starts up.
- If perennials grow on the balcony, then for the winter, they need to be covered with a mound of earth and sawdust.
- When transplanting a plant, be sure to put a little expanded clay on the bottom of the pot.
Note for a beginner gardener.
Annual seedlings can be purchased at markets and shops. Or grow it yourself from seeds from February to April. And some will have to be sown from the end of December (petunia, for example).
At the bottom of the container where you will plant seedlings, do not forget to put some expanded clay or gravel. For natural plants, you can use universal soil from the store. Earth from the garden is also suitable, which is brought into the house with the onset of frost, and used for seedlings in the spring. Such soil must first be disinfected: steamed in an oven at a temperature of 200 degrees or treated with potassium permanganate.
Do not rush to display flowers on an open loggia and balcony until the weather is stable.