A rare kitchen is complete without doors. Indeed, in an open space, steam and odours from the cooking process scatter throughout the apartment and are “absorbed” into upholstered furniture, carpets and curtains.
The problem is that most kitchens are not too big. If the battle is for every centimetre of usable area, there is nowhere to install the usual swing door, but you need to divide the space. Sliding kitchen doors would be the most acceptable option in this scenario.
Advantages and disadvantages of sliding systems
The retractable system is a very controversial element of the interior. The number of advantages and disadvantages is approximately the same.
- Compactness. Such a door does not need a square meter of the area to swing open. For full functioning, 6-10 cm of space along the wall is enough for it;
- Wide opening. In standard high-rise buildings, the width of the kitchen opening is 70 cm. Modern swing doors are produced with a rebate (a ledge along the perimeter of the canvas and the trap so that there is no gap between them). In addition, the width of the opening must be subtracted from the thickness of the door leaf (usually not less than 4 cm) because it is unlikely to succeed to open it in the kitchen 180 on. As a result, a clean opening usually does not exceed 63–65 cm. It is very inconvenient to carry such a narrow passage for dimensional equipment (refrigerator, etc.). Rollback systems help solve this problem. The canvas ultimately moves to the side without blocking the opening. At the same time, installation without a tray is possible; this makes the passage wider (increases by 6-10 cm), which makes the process of using the entrance to the kitchen more comfortable;
- Design. Non-standard solutions have always been a highlight of any interior. A wide range of pull-out systems will help to emphasize the individual style of any kitchen;
- Ease of installation. The installation of most models does not require profound knowledge in this area, so the structure of sliding doors can be done independently.
The list of disadvantages of such systems is no less impressive:
- High cost. A retractable sash will be at least 30-50% more expensive than a similar model with a swing option;
- Gap. The design feature is such that for the free movement of the canvas, there should be a gap of about 1 cm between it and the wall. Due to the lack of a snug fit, sounds and smells from the kitchen will penetrate other rooms. In a smaller volume, but they will be;
- The additional load on the wall. There are several models in which the weight of the canvas and the fastening system is almost entirely on the wall. If the partition is not monolithic (concrete, brick) but plasterboard, then additional reinforcement with aluminium profiles may be required;
- Guides. Some models require a unique rail on the floor (as in the doors, from the wardrobe). Dirt can clog into the bottom groove, thereby spoiling the interior. But this problem is not significant because many similar options do not require additional guides;
- Difficulty with the castle. In most families, valves are only in the bathrooms, but often people put locks on all rooms. In this case, complications may arise; standard wraps will not work here. There are several solutions to this problem (chain, crochet hook, etc.), but they are not always suitable.
Despite the pervasive list of “minuses”, sliding doors continue to gain popularity because for small kitchens (in Khrushchev, Brezhnev, etc.), they become the only acceptable solution.
It should be borne in mind that many varieties allow you to choose a suitable option. The number of advantages will significantly exceed the number of possible disadvantages.
Types of sliding systems
There are several ways to classify sliding systems. It is worth dwelling only on the most popular types of systematization.
Sliding doors and partitions
All sliding systems are divided into doors and partitions.
In the first case, it is a full-fledged door leaf that is used. It moves along an overhead rail that is attached above the opening. There are two types of models depending on the installation method:
- Without a bottom guide. Most of the weight of the entire structure falls on the wall. A small metal pin is mounted on the side of the opening in the floor, which is inserted into a unique longitudinal groove in the lower end of the canvas. With this installation, the base remains smooth (without a threshold);
- From the bottom guide. The structure is complemented by a lower rail; this partially relieves the wall but spoils the floor’s appearance.
Sliding partitions are doors from a wardrobe. The same materials are used for them:
- MDF ;
In this case, the structure turns out to be much lighter, the thickness of the sash is much less; therefore, in most cases, it is possible to install it only with the lower guide, along which the canvas moves on rollers.
As for the cost, partitions are usually cheaper than doors, but if there is an elaborate decoration on the sashes, their cost can exceed even the most expensive natural doors with a conventional design.
Single and multi-leaf retractable systems
Both versions of the systems can be made from full-fledged door leaves and lighter and airy partitions.
Single-leaf doors are installed when a corridor adjoins the kitchen.
Double doors (and more) are more often used in studios. Such a sliding system between the kitchen and the living room allows, if necessary, to divide the space into two separate rooms or combine them into one.
Two sashes can be installed in one direction to reduce the number of guides on the floor (in this case, unique stoppers are added to fix the canvas in the right place). It is less convenient, but it saves money.
Both partitions and sliding doors are used equally to separate the kitchen from the living room.
When using partitions, the structure is lighter and airier. The uniform design of all the doors creates the effect of a sliding wall.
Door leaves rarely have more than two leaves, so they are installed between the kitchen and the room when it is necessary to emphasize the division of space into two separate areas clearly.
“Coupe” and “pencil case”
This classification is more of a mounting method.
“Coupe” is called a canvas that, after installation, moves along the wall. With this installation, it always remains in sight. The cost of such an installation is less, but the result does not always look aesthetically pleasing.
When installing as a “pencil case”, a false wall is additionally made. As a result, when opening, the canvas hides in a particular niche. The fastening system also remains hidden from prying eyes. The disadvantages of this installation method include additional costs for the construction and strengthening of a place and the loss of precious centimetres of usable area. But as a result, the look is more aesthetic and complete.
Types of doors that are mistakenly classified as sliding
Since ancient times, the swing mechanism was considered the standard opening option. Over time, the range of doors and ways to open them expanded, but historically it happened that most of the non-standard ways of opening were called sliding. Although they are not.
Most often, folding doors are considered to be roll-out doors. This happens because when folded, the canvas slides along the top and bottom of the box.
But this type of mechanism has several differences from standard sliding door systems:
- Folding models are installed only in a set with a tray. It is impossible to install the “accordion” canvas simply over the opening, as is the case with sliding partitions;
- Folding doors reduce the aisle width. When opening, the canvas does not go beyond the opening but occupies part of the passage. Which is not very convenient, especially if the tenants are curvy;
- The canvas adheres tightly to the shed for such models, leaving no gap around the perimeter, suitable for the kitchen door since it does not allow extraneous sounds and smells to go outside the room.
As a result, this design is closer in functionality to a conventional swing leaf.
Depending on the type of folding, such canvases are conventionally divided into two types:
The canvas has several fold lines. These models are cheaper but less reliable and convenient. The canvas can occupy up to 20-30% of the area of the passage, and the canopies eventually diverge at the folds;
With one fold line (like doors in a trolleybus). This design takes 8-10 cm from a clean opening, is more reliable and functional, but the cost of such models is relatively high.
Multi-leaf folding models are very rarely used as a dividing partition between rooms. This is due to the high price of such doors in non-standard dimensions.
This is another non-standard type of opening, which is sometimes mistakenly referred to as a roll-out opening.
The opening mechanism, in this case, uses a conventional swing, but the hinges and trap have a non-standard design, which allows the canvas to open in both directions.
They are not used in ordinary kitchens (the mechanism is quite expensive, but it does not have significant advantages when used in everyday life); they are used only in large objects with high traffic (canteens, cafes, restaurants, etc.).
Features of installing interior sliding doors
It is advisable to decide on a specific model and the method of opening it at the initial stage of the repair to prepare the opening for it properly. In this case, you need to take into account the appearance of the selected model.
So, stained glass or entirely glass sliding partitions are very fragile. If the family has small children, choosing the installation method in the “pencil case” is better. This will save not only the sliding canvas but also protect small households from possible injuries.
Before starting the installation work, you need to level the floor and decide on its finishing coating (it affects the height of the opening).
Installation in a “pencil case.”
There are no universal sizes, and the niche is prepared individually for a specific model.
1. Arrangement of a niche.
Its size should be such that the departed canvas partially peeks out (so it is convenient to grab and close it). In this case, the protruding parts (handles, decor) should not cling to the niche walls when opening. It is also worth considering the structure’s weight and, if necessary, pre-strengthen the part of the wall on which the upper guide will be mounted.
2. Opening preparation. With this method of installation, the presence of loot is mandatory. Therefore, the space is prepared with a margin. So for a canvas of 2000×700 mm, the opening should be 2100×800 mm.
3. Installation of guides. In some cases, the bottom rail (if needed) is lowered and installed on the floor. This design turns out to be more practical, and such a design looks more attractive. True, it would be best if you thought about this moment even at the stage of levelling the floor.
4. They were hanging the canvas. It is necessary to ensure that the gaps are minimal, but at the same time, the canvas does not rub against the frame during movement.
Zoning with sliding doors is done. Similarly, only niches are made on both sides.
Installing the “coupe.”
Compartment doors are easier to install. If the installation is planned complete with loot, then the opening is prepared in the same way. If there is only a canvas on the guides, then the introduction should be slightly smaller than the canvas (so that it completely blocks the passage).
The rest of the installation is identical to the “pencil case” construction. Not too expensive models can make quite loud sounds when driving. To get rid of the rumble, you need to place a rubber band in the mounting points of the guides before installing. It will smooth out vibrations, thereby hiding noise.
Installation of plastic doors
Such designs are often placed on distinguishing between a kitchen and a terrace or a balcony. The system is entirely similar to ordinary plastic windows. Still, the structure of the hinges and locks is such that, in addition to the standard swing-out mechanism, the entire system can move like a folding accordion.
Installation and adjustment of such mechanisms are carried out only by professionals. Otherwise, the sashes will not function properly.