The autumn decoration of the balcony and terrace will be, above all, suitable potted plants. Asters, chrysanthemums and heathers are known for their beautiful flowers at this time of the year. But can we choose only among them? Of course not!
Meet the decorative plants in autumn that match the pots and get inspired to create your perfect autumn balcony and terrace.
Autumn balcony: asters, heathers and chrysanthemums
The most popular autumn flowering plants suitable for balcony boxes and pots are asters, chrysanthemums and heathers. In addition to them, other decorative species can make the balcony delight just in the fall! But first, see who is standing on the balcony autumn podium.
Heathers and autumn heathers
Heathers ( Calluna ) are the most popular autumn flowers for the balcony. These perennial shrubs, in pot cultivation, are regarded as seasonal annuals. You can create durable, long-term compositions from them, although it is not easy. Like acidic and porous soil, Heathers can survive the winter on the balcony if the box walls are appropriately protected against frost (e.g. covered with polystyrene).
Along with the heathers, you can plant other acidophilic plants (such as pleurisy and hebe described below) and heaths that bloom in autumn – incl. Red briar.
Asters, or marinas, are late garden flowers but have long reigned on autumn balconies. They take the colours from pink, through purple, to blue. Most asters begin flowering in August and end in September, although those whose flowers can be admired until the end of November. Late butterflies often visit their flowers.
Asters require fertile and well-drained soil and a sunny position. Their stumps are sensitive to desiccation, which is why the containers with plants should be watered regularly. The excess water should drain away through the holes in the bottom of the pot. After flowering, they can overwinter in a pot, but it is better to transplant them into the garden.
Other autumn balcony flowers are chrysanthemums. Although they had the label of ” cemetery flowers ” pinned for years, more and more often (fortunately), our balconies and terraces enjoy their sunny flowers. These beautiful flowers (looking like colourful daisies) are associated all over the world with energy and joy. It is worth buying a few different varieties and plant them side by side.
They are available in various colours and shapes of flowers. There are plants such as white, yellow, orange, red, pink, and purple. For growing on the balcony, it is best to choose dwarf potted varieties. To make them bloom for a long time, place them in the sun and water them regularly.
Ideas for an autumn balcony: decorative potted plants in autumn
In addition to traditional, popular autumn-flowering plants, you can find less popular and some completely unknown species for your balcony composition. Many of them do not bloom, but their vivid green or colourful leaves will give energy to autumn compositions. Some of them will also be a decoration during the winter.
Conifers are evergreen, which makes them a decoration of balconies and terraces all year round. What’s more, they are perfect for various compositions – they look suitable next to summer flowering plants and autumn heathers. Many different grades and varieties are available. Most often, on the balconies, they are planted spruces ‘Conica’ and celebrates.
Many types of conifers, due to their resistance to wind and low temperatures, can decorate our balcony for many years.
In some cases, even though they are frost-resistant, it is worth protecting their pots against frost so that their roots do not freeze in the case of a harsh winter. Then it is best to cover the pot with polystyrene, fill the free spaces with dry leaves, and protect the shoots against cold winds, shielding them with a straw mat or thick paper.
Ornamental grasses now have their 5 minutes of popularity. There is a reason – they are beautiful and magical plants. Although their use was marginal in the past, today, it isn’t easy to imagine a green corner without these additives. Grasses create a background for other plants but are also a perfect decoration in themselves.
Among them are frost-resistant, among others Imperata cylindrica ( Imperata cylindrical ) ‘Red Baron’ variety – called red grass, Chinese miscanthus ( Miscanthus Sinensis ), Sina fescue ( Festuca glauca ) – silver grass, broom fescue ( Festuca scoparia ) – bear fur, millet ( Panicum virgatum ) and various sedges ( Carex ).
They are one of the most attractive garden perennials, with elegant leaves that appear equally at home in a bed or a container. Cranberries ( Heuchera ) have many different coloured varieties – from cream, green, reddish, purple and even dark purple, often with a pattern, cut, sometimes twisted. Many types, in addition to decorative leaves, also have beautiful flowers.
They’re beautiful on their own, but they may also be combined to create multi-colour, multi-varieties compositions.
Although cyclamens are popular indoor houseplants, some species can be successfully taken out on the balcony. Persian cyclamen, also known as ivy ( Cyclamen hederifolium ), blooms from July until November. There are several varieties in cultivation – from white to intense pink.
Likes slightly shaded places, fertile and well-drained soil. It cannot stand in water because it will rot quickly. It is frost-resistant but requires good protection of the pot.
The queens of the gardens grow well in pots. These are not typical autumn decorations because they bloom in summer, but some keep their flowers until the frost.
They look fabulous on their own, but they also look great in a potted arrangement. Choose low, compact varieties or those grafted onto the trunk. Remember that roses love the sun! In the shade, they will bloom poorly and will often get sick. For the winter, wrap it thoroughly with nonwoven geotextile, and insulate the pot with styrofoam.
More and more sympathizers are gaining Hebe ( Hebe ). It seduces with evergreen, small and shiny leaves, which, depending on the species and variety, may have different shades of green, sometimes cream-coloured or pink. The tips of the stalks sprout flowers. They can be white, purple, blue in various shades of these colours.
Common dwarf varieties will work best in pots. The plant requires an acidic and porous substrate to be perfect in combination with heathers and heathers. You have to protect it very well for the winter because it is not fully frostproof!
This is another garden plant that is increasingly appearing in potted cultivation. Pieris ( Pieris ) have beautiful evergreen, leathery and glossy leaves, clustered at the top of the momentum from the top of dark green and shiny. Young leaves usually turn scarlet in early spring, turning green with time. The ‘Gold Flame’ variety with fiery red leaves is prevalent.
They are related to heathers and lend themselves well to a standard composition, making the perfect backdrop for colourful flowers.
Ivy is the perfect complement to any potted composition. It looks great with ornamental grasses, roses, conifers and even solo. For outdoor cultivation, choose garden varieties; the home ones might not withstand frosts.
This is an undoubted hit of the last few seasons, which stormed our pots by storm. It is an ornamental cousin of a well-known vegetable. The jagged rosettes of decorative cabbage leaves can range from green, white, pink, red and even purple.
It is straightforward to grow. Colours best in the sun. He does not like too intense watering but cannot dry out.
Pumpkins and other fruits
Fruit harvested in the fall is also an excellent addition to autumn flowers. Giant, orange pumpkins, rowan berries, hawthorn or rose hips are worth creating autumn compositions. Acorns and chestnuts will also be a beautiful autumn decoration.